All 245 2012-2013 NCAA football APR scores ranked: 12 teams penalized

Oklahoma State coach Mike Gundy - Cooper Neill

The NCAA released its annual academic progress rate scores Wednesday, with severe competitive penalties on the way for 12 football teams, including the FBS' Idaho, Oklahoma State and UNLV.

A dozen Division I college football teams have been hit with 2014 penalties by the NCAA for failing to meet a specific kind of academic benchmark, the organization announced Wednesday. Ten teams have been barred from playing in bowl, playoff or conference championship games, while two others, including Oklahoma State, were hit with practice reductions.

Academic progress rate (APR) is the NCAA's preferred metric for academic upkeep. An explanation of how APR is calculated, by the NCAA:

Every Division I sports team calculates its APR each academic year. Scholarship student-athletes each semester receive one point for remaining eligible and one point for staying in school or graduating. Teams scoring below certain thresholds can face consequences, including practice restrictions and playing season reductions. Rates are an average of the past four years' performance. National aggregates are based on all teams with usable data at the time of analysis.

In order to compete in the 2014-15 postseason, teams must achieve either a 930 multi-year APR or a 940 average over the most recent two years. This approach represents the next step in a phased-in move to a standard 930 benchmark, which will be in place for most schools with next year's announcement of 2013-14 data collected in the fall of 2014.

The measurement has drawn criticism, particularly for the challenges it places upon budget-strapped historically black schools. Seven of the 10 teams to receive bowl bans this year are HBCUs.

Biggest one-year changes

All 2012-13 football APR scores listed in the NCAA's database, compared to the previous year (all Southern University teams have postseason bans, according to CBS Sports, while Holy Cross' data isn't appearing on the NCAA's site [update: Holy Cross' 2012-2013 score has been added]):

School 2012-2013 APR 2011-2012 APR Change 2014 penalties Postseason ban?
1 Texas Southern University 861 815 46
2 North Carolina A&T State University 905 874 31
3 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga 963 936 27
4 Idaho State University 941 914 27
5 University of Michigan 975 951 24
6 University of Louisville 947 924 23
7 Utah State University 988 967 21
8 Kansas State University 968 948 20
9 Jacksonville University 955 935 20
10 Iowa State University 948 928 20
11 Georgia Southern University 958 939 19
12 Charleston Southern University 922 903 19
13 Jackson State University 931 913 18
14 Texas A&M University, College Station 971 954 17
15 University of Wyoming 955 938 17
16 Delaware State University 917 901 16
17 Hampton University 917 901 16
18 Norfolk State University 880 864 16
19 Auburn University 965 950 15
20 University of South Carolina, Columbia 980 966 14
21 Campbell University 955 941 14
22 McNeese State University 947 933 14
23 Grambling State University 932 918 14
24 University of California, Los Angeles 979 966 13
25 University of Washington 967 954 13
26 University of Maryland, College Park 950 937 13
27 South Carolina State University 925 912 13
28 Coastal Carolina University 948 936 12
29 Weber State University 938 926 12
30 Northwestern State University 931 919 12
31 Mississippi Valley State University 822 810 12 Practice reduction
In-season and out-of-season restrictions
Yes
32 University of Toledo 974 963 11
33 University of Louisiana at Monroe 951 940 11
34 University of Texas at Austin 947 936 11
35 Kent State University 944 933 11
36 University of Texas at El Paso 928 917 11
37 University of New Mexico 952 942 10
38 Troy University 931 921 10
39 Indiana University, Bloomington 972 963 9
40 University of Delaware 959 950 9
41 Ball State University 957 948 9
42 Montana State University-Bozeman 955 946 9
43 University of Colorado, Boulder 955 946 9
44 Old Dominion University 942 933 9
45 Missouri State University 932 923 9
46 Stephen F. Austin State University 930 921 9
47 University of Nebraska, Lincoln 980 972 8
48 University of Iowa 969 961 8
49 Tulane University 968 960 8
50 Purdue University 961 953 8
51 University of Northern Iowa 959 951 8
52 California State University, Sacramento 958 950 8
53 Florida Atlantic University 940 932 8
54 University of Tennessee, Knoxville 932 924 8
55 Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University 977 970 7
56 Mississippi State University 974 967 7
57 Butler University 971 964 7
58 University of Utah 970 963 7
59 The Citadel 968 961 7
60 Syracuse University 965 958 7
61 Michigan State University 962 955 7
62 University of Minnesota, Twin Cities 962 955 7
63 University of Oregon 958 951 7
64 Texas State University-San Marcos 956 949 7
65 Brigham Young University 938 931 7
66 Eastern Kentucky University 937 930 7
67 University at Buffalo, the State University of New York 932 925 7
68 Stanford University 984 978 6
69 Elon University 978 972 6
70 Stony Brook University 960 954 6
71 Drake University 955 949 6
72 Western Carolina University 954 948 6
73 Eastern Michigan University 940 934 6
74 U.S. Military Academy 976 971 5
75 University of Richmond 970 965 5
76 University of Oklahoma 965 960 5
77 Illinois State University 958 953 5
78 Eastern Washington University 957 952 5
79 Indiana State University 945 940 5
80 University of Tulsa 934 929 5
81 Youngstown State University 932 927 5
82 Dartmouth College 993 989 4
83 University of Wisconsin, Madison 989 985 4
84 Bryant University 982 978 4
85 San Jose State University 967 963 4
86 San Diego State University 960 956 4
87 University of Arizona 960 956 4
88 Florida State University 958 954 4
89 University of Rhode Island 948 944 4
90 Central Connecticut State University 947 943 4
91 Arizona State University 941 937 4
92 University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 938 934 4
93 University of Dayton 995 992 3
94 Duke University 992 989 3
95 Wofford College 985 982 3
96 Georgetown University 980 977 3
97 University of Central Florida 978 975 3
98 University of South Florida 973 970 3
99 U.S. Naval Academy 971 968 3
100 College of William and Mary 969 966 3
101 Furman University 968 965 3
102 Marist College 955 952 3
103 University of North Texas 954 951 3
104 North Carolina State University 950 947 3
105 Central Michigan University 940 937 3
106 University of Memphis 940 937 3
107 University of California, Berkeley 938 935 3
108 Southeast Missouri State University 935 932 3
109 Florida International University 933 930 3
110 Southeastern Louisiana University 932 929 3
111 Oklahoma State University 929 926 3 Practice reduction
112 Rutgers, State Univ of New Jersey, New Brunswick 980 978 2
113 U.S. Air Force Academy 976 974 2
114 University of California, Davis 972 970 2
115 Bowling Green State University 965 963 2
116 Western Kentucky University 952 950 2
117 Murray State University 949 947 2
118 Louisiana State University 946 944 2
119 Nicholls State University 946 944 2
120 University of Mississippi 946 944 2
121 Liberty University 944 942 2
122 Washington State University 944 942 2
123 University of Montana 932 930 2
124 Vanderbilt University 974 973 1
125 Bucknell University 970 969 1
126 University of Florida 969 968 1
127 Duquesne University 966 965 1
128 Tennessee Technological University 965 964 1
129 University of San Diego 961 960 1
130 Villanova University 961 960 1
131 Monmouth University 960 959 1
132 University of Kansas 959 958 1
133 Western Michigan University 958 957 1
134 South Dakota State University 957 956 1
135 North Dakota State University 953 952 1
136 University of Cincinnati 944 943 1
137 University of South Alabama 933 932 1
138 Lamar University 923 922 1
139 Prairie View A&M University 908 907 1 Practice reduction
In-season and out-of-season restrictions
Yes
140 Davidson College 996 996 0
141 Cornell University 987 987 0
142 Georgia Institute of Technology 983 983 0
143 Samford University 977 977 0
144 Lehigh University 973 973 0
145 Middle Tennessee State University 972 972 0
146 Wake Forest University 970 970 0
147 Temple University 963 963 0
148 California Polytechnic State University 962 962 0
149 University at Albany 962 962 0
150 University of Hawaii, Manoa 962 962 0
151 Wagner College 949 949 0
152 Marshall University 948 948 0
153 Arkansas State University 938 938 0
154 Portland State University 938 938 0
155 University of Houston 937 937 0
156 University of Akron 932 932 0
157 University of Tennessee at Martin 932 932 0
158 Howard University 931 931 0
159 University of Pennsylvania 989 990 -1
160 Boston College 981 982 -1
161 University of New Hampshire 977 978 -1
162 University of Notre Dame 972 973 -1
163 University of Georgia 967 968 -1
164 University of Pittsburgh 961 962 -1
165 Miami University (Ohio) 959 960 -1
166 University of Connecticut 957 958 -1
167 Sacred Heart University 954 955 -1
168 Towson University 952 953 -1
169 Western Illinois University 950 951 -1
170 Southern Methodist University 944 945 -1
171 Alabama A&M University 938 939 -1
172 Sam Houston State University 931 932 -1
173 New Mexico State University 915 916 -1 Practice reduction
174 Yale University 991 993 -2
175 Clemson University 983 985 -2
176 University of Missouri, Columbia 980 982 -2
177 California State University, Fresno 948 950 -2
178 The University of Southern Mississippi 940 942 -2
179 James Madison University 939 941 -2
180 University of Northern Colorado 936 938 -2
181 Morehead State University 935 937 -2
182 Virginia Military Institute 935 937 -2
183 Harvard University 980 983 -3
184 University of Alabama 975 978 -3
185 University of Illinois, Champaign 957 960 -3
186 University of Virginia 956 959 -3
187 Northern Arizona University 954 957 -3
188 Robert Morris University 954 957 -3
189 Valparaiso University 939 942 -3
190 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville 935 938 -3
191 University of Massachusetts, Amherst 932 935 -3
192 Columbia University-Barnard College 983 987 -4
193 Rice University 975 979 -4
194 Fordham University 972 976 -4
195 Appalachian State University 963 967 -4
196 University of North Dakota 962 966 -4
197 Southern Utah University 950 954 -4
198 Colorado State University 943 947 -4
199 East Carolina University 941 945 -4
200 Ohio University 941 945 -4
201 University of Southern California 941 945 -4
202 Morgan State University 918 922 -4
203 Alcorn State University 915 919 -4
204 Alabama State University 870 874 -4 Practice reduction
In-season and out-of-season restrictions
Yes
205 Northwestern University 991 996 -5
206 Boise State University 988 993 -5
207 Princeton University 981 986 -5
208 University of Miami (Florida) 972 977 -5
209 Baylor University 957 962 -5
210 University of Louisiana at Lafayette 951 956 -5
211 Bethune-Cookman University 930 935 -5
212 Brown University 985 991 -6
213 Northern Illinois University 968 974 -6
214 University of South Dakota 950 956 -6
215 Eastern Illinois University 944 950 -6
216 University of Kentucky 937 943 -6
217 Pennsylvania State University 954 961 -7
218 Oregon State University 950 957 -7
219 University of Alabama at Birmingham 943 950 -7
220 Gardner-Webb University 925 932 -7
221 University of Nevada, Las Vegas 925 932 -7 Practice reduction Yes
222 Lafayette College 978 986 -8
223 University of Maine, Orono 971 979 -8
224 Colgate University 970 978 -8
225 West Virginia University 942 950 -8
226 Georgia State University 940 948 -8
227 Saint Francis University (Pennsylvania) 916 924 -8 Practice reduction Yes
228 Southern Illinois University at Carbondale 940 949 -9
229 Texas Tech University 932 941 -9
230 Jacksonville State University 931 940 -9
231 Tennessee State University 910 919 -9
232 The Ohio State University 972 982 -10
233 Louisiana Tech University 941 951 -10
234 University of Central Arkansas 949 960 -11
235 Presbyterian College 938 949 -11
236 University of Nevada 930 942 -12
237 Austin Peay State University 956 969 -13
238 Texas Christian University 945 962 -17
239 North Carolina Central University 914 932 -18
240 University of Idaho 901 919 -18 Practice reduction Yes
241 Florida A&M University 885 903 -18 Practice reduction Yes
242 University of Arkansas, Pine Bluff 882 907 -25 Practice reduction Yes
243 Savannah State University 846 876 -30 Practice reduction
In-season and out-of-season restrictions
Yes

Southern University 902 ? Yes

College of the Holy Cross 990 976 24

Highest to lowest

School 2012-2013 APR 2011-2012 APR Change 2014 penalties Postseason ban?
1 Davidson College 996 996 0
2 University of Dayton 995 992 3
3 Dartmouth College 993 989 4
4 Duke University 992 989 3
5 Yale University 991 993 -2
6 Northwestern University 991 996 -5
7 University of Wisconsin, Madison 989 985 4
8 University of Pennsylvania 989 990 -1
9 Utah State University 988 967 21
10 Boise State University 988 993 -5
11 Cornell University 987 987 0
12 Wofford College 985 982 3
13 Brown University 985 991 -6
14 Stanford University 984 978 6
15 Georgia Institute of Technology 983 983 0
16 Clemson University 983 985 -2
17 Columbia University-Barnard College 983 987 -4
18 Bryant University 982 978 4
19 Boston College 981 982 -1
20 Princeton University 981 986 -5
21 University of South Carolina, Columbia 980 966 14
22 University of Nebraska, Lincoln 980 972 8
23 Georgetown University 980 977 3
24 Rutgers, State Univ of New Jersey, New Brunswick 980 978 2
25 University of Missouri, Columbia 980 982 -2
26 Harvard University 980 983 -3
27 University of California, Los Angeles 979 966 13
28 Elon University 978 972 6
29 University of Central Florida 978 975 3
30 Lafayette College 978 986 -8
31 Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University 977 970 7
32 Samford University 977 977 0
33 University of New Hampshire 977 978 -1
34 U.S. Military Academy 976 971 5
35 U.S. Air Force Academy 976 974 2
36 University of Michigan 975 951 24
37 University of Alabama 975 978 -3
38 Rice University 975 979 -4
39 University of Toledo 974 963 11
40 Mississippi State University 974 967 7
41 Vanderbilt University 974 973 1
42 University of South Florida 973 970 3
43 Lehigh University 973 973 0
44 Indiana University, Bloomington 972 963 9
45 University of California, Davis 972 970 2
46 Middle Tennessee State University 972 972 0
47 University of Notre Dame 972 973 -1
48 Fordham University 972 976 -4
49 University of Miami (Florida) 972 977 -5
50 The Ohio State University 972 982 -10
51 Texas A&M University, College Station 971 954 17
52 Butler University 971 964 7
53 U.S. Naval Academy 971 968 3
54 University of Maine, Orono 971 979 -8
55 University of Utah 970 963 7
56 University of Richmond 970 965 5
57 Bucknell University 970 969 1
58 Wake Forest University 970 970 0
59 Colgate University 970 978 -8
60 University of Iowa 969 961 8
61 College of William and Mary 969 966 3
62 University of Florida 969 968 1
63 Kansas State University 968 948 20
64 Tulane University 968 960 8
65 The Citadel 968 961 7
66 Furman University 968 965 3
67 Northern Illinois University 968 974 -6
68 University of Washington 967 954 13
69 San Jose State University 967 963 4
70 University of Georgia 967 968 -1
71 Duquesne University 966 965 1
72 Auburn University 965 950 15
73 Syracuse University 965 958 7
74 University of Oklahoma 965 960 5
75 Bowling Green State University 965 963 2
76 Tennessee Technological University 965 964 1
77 University of Tennessee at Chattanooga 963 936 27
78 Temple University 963 963 0
79 Appalachian State University 963 967 -4
80 Michigan State University 962 955 7
81 University of Minnesota, Twin Cities 962 955 7
82 California Polytechnic State University 962 962 0
83 University at Albany 962 962 0
84 University of Hawaii, Manoa 962 962 0
85 University of North Dakota 962 966 -4
86 Purdue University 961 953 8
87 University of San Diego 961 960 1
88 Villanova University 961 960 1
89 University of Pittsburgh 961 962 -1
90 Stony Brook University 960 954 6
91 San Diego State University 960 956 4
92 University of Arizona 960 956 4
93 Monmouth University 960 959 1
94 University of Delaware 959 950 9
95 University of Northern Iowa 959 951 8
96 University of Kansas 959 958 1
97 Miami University (Ohio) 959 960 -1
98 Georgia Southern University 958 939 19
99 California State University, Sacramento 958 950 8
100 University of Oregon 958 951 7
101 Illinois State University 958 953 5
102 Florida State University 958 954 4
103 Western Michigan University 958 957 1
104 Ball State University 957 948 9
105 Eastern Washington University 957 952 5
106 South Dakota State University 957 956 1
107 University of Connecticut 957 958 -1
108 University of Illinois, Champaign 957 960 -3
109 Baylor University 957 962 -5
110 Texas State University-San Marcos 956 949 7
111 University of Virginia 956 959 -3
112 Austin Peay State University 956 969 -13
113 Jacksonville University 955 935 20
114 University of Wyoming 955 938 17
115 Campbell University 955 941 14
116 Montana State University-Bozeman 955 946 9
117 University of Colorado, Boulder 955 946 9
118 Drake University 955 949 6
119 Marist College 955 952 3
120 Western Carolina University 954 948 6
121 University of North Texas 954 951 3
122 Sacred Heart University 954 955 -1
123 Northern Arizona University 954 957 -3
124 Robert Morris University 954 957 -3
125 Pennsylvania State University 954 961 -7
126 North Dakota State University 953 952 1
127 University of New Mexico 952 942 10
128 Western Kentucky University 952 950 2
129 Towson University 952 953 -1
130 University of Louisiana at Monroe 951 940 11
131 University of Louisiana at Lafayette 951 956 -5
132 University of Maryland, College Park 950 937 13
133 North Carolina State University 950 947 3
134 Western Illinois University 950 951 -1
135 Southern Utah University 950 954 -4
136 University of South Dakota 950 956 -6
137 Oregon State University 950 957 -7
138 Murray State University 949 947 2
139 Wagner College 949 949 0
140 University of Central Arkansas 949 960 -11
141 Iowa State University 948 928 20
142 Coastal Carolina University 948 936 12
143 University of Rhode Island 948 944 4
144 Marshall University 948 948 0
145 California State University, Fresno 948 950 -2
146 University of Louisville 947 924 23
147 McNeese State University 947 933 14
148 University of Texas at Austin 947 936 11
149 Central Connecticut State University 947 943 4
150 Louisiana State University 946 944 2
151 Nicholls State University 946 944 2
152 University of Mississippi 946 944 2
153 Indiana State University 945 940 5
154 Texas Christian University 945 962 -17
155 Kent State University 944 933 11
156 Liberty University 944 942 2
157 Washington State University 944 942 2
158 University of Cincinnati 944 943 1
159 Southern Methodist University 944 945 -1
160 Eastern Illinois University 944 950 -6
161 Colorado State University 943 947 -4
162 University of Alabama at Birmingham 943 950 -7
163 Old Dominion University 942 933 9
164 West Virginia University 942 950 -8
165 Idaho State University 941 914 27
166 Arizona State University 941 937 4
167 East Carolina University 941 945 -4
168 Ohio University 941 945 -4
169 University of Southern California 941 945 -4
170 Louisiana Tech University 941 951 -10
171 Florida Atlantic University 940 932 8
172 Eastern Michigan University 940 934 6
173 Central Michigan University 940 937 3
174 University of Memphis 940 937 3
175 The University of Southern Mississippi 940 942 -2
176 Georgia State University 940 948 -8
177 Southern Illinois University at Carbondale 940 949 -9
178 James Madison University 939 941 -2
179 Valparaiso University 939 942 -3
180 Weber State University 938 926 12
181 Brigham Young University 938 931 7
182 University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill 938 934 4
183 University of California, Berkeley 938 935 3
184 Arkansas State University 938 938 0
185 Portland State University 938 938 0
186 Alabama A&M University 938 939 -1
187 Presbyterian College 938 949 -11
188 Eastern Kentucky University 937 930 7
189 University of Houston 937 937 0
190 University of Kentucky 937 943 -6
191 University of Northern Colorado 936 938 -2
192 Southeast Missouri State University 935 932 3
193 Morehead State University 935 937 -2
194 Virginia Military Institute 935 937 -2
195 University of Arkansas, Fayetteville 935 938 -3
196 University of Tulsa 934 929 5
197 Florida International University 933 930 3
198 University of South Alabama 933 932 1
199 Grambling State University 932 918 14
200 Missouri State University 932 923 9
201 University of Tennessee, Knoxville 932 924 8
202 University at Buffalo, the State University of New York 932 925 7
203 Youngstown State University 932 927 5
204 Southeastern Louisiana University 932 929 3
205 University of Montana 932 930 2
206 University of Akron 932 932 0
207 University of Tennessee at Martin 932 932 0
208 University of Massachusetts, Amherst 932 935 -3
209 Texas Tech University 932 941 -9
210 Jackson State University 931 913 18
211 Northwestern State University 931 919 12
212 Troy University 931 921 10
213 Howard University 931 931 0
214 Sam Houston State University 931 932 -1
215 Jacksonville State University 931 940 -9
216 Stephen F. Austin State University 930 921 9
217 Bethune-Cookman University 930 935 -5
218 University of Nevada 930 942 -12
219 Oklahoma State University 929 926 3 Practice reduction
220 University of Texas at El Paso 928 917 11
221 South Carolina State University 925 912 13
222 Gardner-Webb University 925 932 -7
223 University of Nevada, Las Vegas 925 932 -7 Practice reduction Yes
224 Lamar University 923 922 1
225 Charleston Southern University 922 903 19
226 Morgan State University 918 922 -4
227 Delaware State University 917 901 16
228 Hampton University 917 901 16
229 Saint Francis University (Pennsylvania) 916 924 -8 Practice reduction Yes
230 New Mexico State University 915 916 -1 Practice reduction
231 Alcorn State University 915 919 -4
232 North Carolina Central University 914 932 -18
233 Tennessee State University 910 919 -9
234 Prairie View A&M University 908 907 1 Practice reduction
In-season and out-of-season restrictions
Yes
235 North Carolina A&T State University 905 874 31
236 University of Idaho 901 919 -18 Practice reduction Yes
237 Florida A&M University 885 903 -18 Practice reduction Yes
238 University of Arkansas, Pine Bluff 882 907 -25 Practice reduction Yes
239 Norfolk State University 880 864 16
240 Alabama State University 870 874 -4 Practice reduction
In-season and out-of-season restrictions
Yes
241 Texas Southern University 861 815 46
242 Savannah State University 846 876 -30 Practice reduction
In-season and out-of-season restrictions
Yes
243 Mississippi Valley State University 822 810 12 Practice reduction
In-season and out-of-season restrictions
Yes

Southern University 902 ? Yes

College of the Holy Cross 990 976 24

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