College football relegation! Here's how conferences would change after 2014 by Bill Connelly @SBN_BillC

Photo: Mark J. Rebilas-USA TODAY Sports

What relegation would allow is the possibility that underperforming teams not living up to the aristocratic standard would be booted into the mob to prove their worth anew, and perhaps lose their seats permanently to hungrier underlings. If screwing someone out of a spot in the penthouse isn't the American dream, we don't know what is.

-- Why college football needs to embrace cannibalism

Three years ago, following a delicious end to the English Premier League season, we crafted a series promoting the glories of relegation and why it would work perfectly in college football. That is, it would create beautiful messes and solve problems while creating others, but that's how we tend to judge beauty in this gorgeously ugly sport.

It would also bring merit to the table.

College football's heavyweights, distributed through five conferences, are in the process of separating themselves from the rest of the sport. They want as big a slice of the pie as possible, and they want to do things for players (full-cost-of-attendance scholarships) and for themselves (waterfalls in facilities that never needed waterfalls) other schools can't afford.

These conferences are littered with dead weight. All five power conferences -- the ACC, Big 12, Big Ten, Pac-12, and SEC -- have programs that are there because they chose the right friends 80 years ago, are located near large population bases, or were good right when a major conference was looking for one more team.

Meanwhile, well-run small programs languish because their timing was bad or they don't bring a big enough TV market.

In the last nine seasons, since Dan Hawkins left Boise State for Colorado, BSU has gone 13-6 against current power-conference teams and finished in the AP's top 11 five times. CU has gone 18-69 against power teams and attended one minor bowl. But which belongs to a power conference?

The basics

In England, the bottom three teams in the Premier League standings get demoted to the second-level Championship League every year, while three Championship teams -- the top two finishers and the winner of a playoff between the next four teams -- take their place for the next season.

The same thing happens with teams flipping between Championship and third-tier League 1. And between League 1 and fourth-tier League 2. It is a siphoning of weaker clubs and an acknowledgement that everybody, from global brand Chelsea to a team in the 24th tier, is part of the same entity. They make drastically different amounts of money, and there is a ruling class, but Football League members are Football League members.

Just like NCAA members could be NCAA members.

How it would look

Each power conference would work similarly to a country within the European system. (I'll let you determine which is which, but the Big Ten is definitely England. The SEC is ... Italy? Germany? The Big 12 is Portugal.) That means each of the five has its own set of affiliated smaller conferences. Let's walk through each tier, from the power conferences to the bottom of Division II.

(Note: to get a feel for how relegation would work, each league's 2014 winner and promotion candidate is in bold, while the last-place team and current relegation candidate is crossed out. Also, independents are in conferences now.)

ACC Tier I
Big 12 Tier i
(Big 12)
Big Ten Tier I
(Big Ten)
Pac-12 Tier I
SEC Tier I
Boston College Baylor Illinois Arizona Alabama
Clemson Iowa State Indiana Arizona State Arkansas
Duke Kansas Iowa California Auburn
Florida State Kansas State Maryland Colorado Florida
Georgia Tech Oklahoma Michigan Oregon Georgia
Louisville Oklahoma State Michigan State Oregon State Kentucky
Miami TCU Minnesota Stanford LSU
NC State Texas Nebraska UCLA Mississippi State
North Carolina Texas Tech Northwestern USC Missouri
Notre Dame West Virginia Ohio State Utah Ole Miss
Pittsburgh Penn State Washington South Carolina
Syracuse Purdue Washington State Tennessee
Virginia Rutgers Texas A&M
Virginia Tech Wisconsin Vanderbilt
Wake Forest

Geographically, these leagues work out. If we base each tier on merit, then there are awkward relationships later -- there's no Western team in Tier IV -- but it works here. And since there are 10 FBS conferences, that fills the top two tiers.

Big 12 Tier II
(Conference USA)
Big Ten Tier II
Pac-12 Tier II
(Sun Belt)
Army Charlotte Akron Air Force Appalachian State
Central Florida Florida Atlantic Ball State Boise State Arkansas State
Cincinnati Florida International Bowling Green BYU Georgia Southern
Connecticut Louisiana Tech Buffalo Colorado State Georgia State
East Carolina Marshall Central Michigan Fresno State Idaho
Houston Middle Tennessee Eastern Michigan Hawaii New Mexico State
Memphis North Texas Kent State Nevada South Alabama
Navy Old Dominion Massachusetts New Mexico Texas State
SMU Rice Miami-OH San Diego State Troy
South Florida Southern Miss Northern Illinois San Jose State UL-Lafayette
Temple UTEP Ohio UNLV UL-Monroe
Tulane UTSA Toledo Utah State
Tulsa Western Kentucky Western Michigan Wyoming

2014 promotion battles, if we give the higher tiers home advantage: Memphis at Wake Forest, Marshall at Iowa State, Northern Illinois at Purdue, Boise State at Colorado, and Georgia Southern at Vanderbilt. Four or five road teams would probably win spots in Tier I.

Since this is based on merit, to determine the tiers for FCS and Division II, I'm using a scoring system based on 10 years of playoff results. If a team currently in your conference made the first round, you get one point. Second round = two. Et cetera. With five-round structures for FCS and Division II, that means the winner gets six points, the runner-up gets five, and so on.

For FCS, you have Appalachian State earning 38 points, North Dakota State getting 27, New Hampshire 24, etc. By current conferences, you get this:

FCS playoff points:

  1. Colonial 94
  2. Missouri Valley 76
  3. Big Sky 63
  4. Southland 35
  5. Ohio Valley 25
  6. Southern 21
  7. Patriot 17
  8. MEAC 13
  9. Big South 12
  10. Northeast 5
  11. Pioneer 2
  12. Ivy 0
  13. SWAC 0

The top five get Tier III spots.

Big 12 Tier III
Big Ten Tier III
(Missouri Valley)
Pac-12 Tier III
(Big Sky)
(Ohio Valley)
Albany Abilene Christian Illinois State Cal Poly Austin Peay
Delaware Central Arkansas Indiana State Eastern Washington Eastern Illinois
Elon Houston Baptist Missouri State Idaho State Eastern Kentucky
James Madison Incarnate Word North Dakota State Montana Jacksonville State
Maine Lamar Northern Iowa Montana State Murray State
New Hampshire McNeese State South Dakota North Dakota SE Missouri State
Rhode Island Nicholls State South Dakota State Northern Arizona Tennessee State
Richmond Northwestern State Southern Illinois Northern Colorado Tennessee Tech
Stony Brook Sam Houston State Western Illinois Portland State UT Martin
Towson SE Louisiana Youngstown State Sacramento State
Villanova Stephen F. Austin Southern Utah
William & Mary UC Davis
Weber State

Battles for placement in 2015's Tier II: New Hampshire at UConn, Sam Houston State at Southern Miss, North Dakota State at Eastern Michigan, Eastern Washington at UNLV, Jacksonville State at Georgia State. Again, all five road teams might win.

The next five conferences are the Southern, Patriot, MEAC, Big South, and Northeast. Almost every member of those conferences is in the Eastern time zone. We'll make a slight change: bump the Pioneer over the Northeast and give the Pioneer to the Pac-12, since it at least has San Diego and some Central teams.

Big 12 Tier IV
Big Ten Tier IV
(Big South)
Pac-12 Tier IV
Bucknell Bethune-Cookman Charleston Southern Butler Chattanooga
Colgate Delaware State Coastal Carolina Campbell Furman
Fordham Florida A&M Gardner-Webb Davidson Mercer
Georgetown Hampton Liberty Dayton Samford
Holy Cross Howard Monmouth Drake The Citadel
Lafayette Morgan State Presbyterian Jacksonville VMI
Lehigh NC Central Marist Western Carolina
Norfolk State Morehead State Wofford
North Carolina A&T San Diego
Savannah State Stetson
South Carolina State Valparaiso

That's Fordham at Elon, Morgan State at Nicholls State, Liberty at South Dakota, Jacksonville at UC Davis, Chattanooga at Murray State for the right to play in Tier III next season. According to last year's Sagarin rankings, all five road teams were better, and only Morgan State-Nicholls State and Jacksonville-UC Davis are close.

And now to mix Division II conferences with those last two FCS conferences.

Division II playoff points:

  1. Mid America 75
  2. Gulf South 73
  3. Pennsylvania State 70
  4. Great Lakes 60
  5. Northern Sun 49
  6. Lone Star 30
  7. South Atlantic 29
  8. Rocky Mountain 25
  9. Mountain East 24
  10. CIAA 18
  11. Northeast Ten 18
  12. SIAC 13
  13. Great American 9
  14. Great Northwest 7
  15. Great Lakes 3
ACC Tier V
Big 12 Tier V
Big Ten Tier V
Pac-12 Tier V
(Mid America)
SEC Tier V
(Gulf South)
Bryant Alabama A&M Bloomsburg Central Missouri State Delta State
Central Conn. St. Alabama State California (PA) Central Oklahoma Florida Tech
Duquesne Alcorn State Cheyney Fort Hays State Mississippi College
Robert Morris Arkansas-Pine Bluff Clarion Lindenwood North Alabama
Sacred Heart Grambling State East Stroudsburg Missouri Southern Shorter
Saint Francis Jackson State Edinboro Missouri Western Valdosta State
Wagner Miss. Valley State Gannon Nebraska-Kearney West Alabama
Prairie View A&M Indiana (PA) Northeastern State West Georgia
Southern U. Kutztown NW Missouri State
Texas Southern Lock Haven Pittsburg State
Mercyhurst Washburn
Seton Hill
Slippery Rock
West Chester

(If the Ivy League participated, it would be in Tier V. For simplicity, we'll say the league abstains. Harvard moving to the Patriot League is too strange to think about. We'll include the SWAC, which also abstains from FCS tournament participation. That adds an awkward SWAC-to-Northern Sun connection, but we'll live with it.)

(Mountain East)
Big 12 Tier VI
(Northern Sun)
Big Ten Tier VI
Pac-12 Tier VI
(Lone Star)
(South Atlantic)
Charleston (WV) Augustana (SD) Ashland Angelo State Brevard College
Concord Bemidji State Ferris State Eastern New Mexico Carson-Newman
Fairmont State Concordia-St. Paul Findlay McMurry Catawba
Glenville State Minnesota State Grand Valley State Midwestern State Lenoir-Rhyne
Notre Dame College Minn. State-Moorhead Hillsdale Tarleton State Mars Hill
Shepherd Minnesota-Crookston Lake Erie College Tex. A&M-Commerce Newberry
Urbana Minnesota-Duluth Malone Tex. A&M-Kingsville Tusculum
UVA-Wise Minot State Michigan Tech West Texas A&M Wingate
West Liberty Northern State Northern Michigan
WV State Sioux Falls Northwood (MI)
WV Wesleyan SW Minnesota State Ohio Dominican
St. Cloud State Saginaw Valley
University of Mary Tiffin
Upper Iowa Walsh
Wayne State (NE) Wayne State (MI)
Winona State

We fill in the final tier by cramming seven conferences into five spots. The promotion candidate in the two-conference regions could be determined by rankings or a head-to-head.

Big 12 Tier VII
(Great American)
Big Ten Tier VII
(Northeast 10)
Pac-12 Tier VII
(Rocky Mountain)
Albany State (GA) Arkansas Tech American Int'l Adams State Bowie State
Central State Arkansas-Monticello Assumption Black Hills State Chowan
Clark Atlanta East Central Bentley Chadron State Elizabeth City State
Fort Valley State Harding LIU Post Colorado Mesa Fayetteville State
Kentucky State Henderson State Merrimack Colorado Mines Johnson C. Smith
Lane NW Oklahoma State New Haven CSU-Pueblo Lincoln (PA)
Miles Ouachita Baptist Pace Fort Lewis Livingstone
Morehouse SE Oklahoma State Southern Conn. St. N.M. Highlands Shaw
Paine Southern Arkansas St. Anselm Western New Mexico St. Augustine's
Stillman Southern Nazarene Stonehill Western State Virginia State
Tuskegee SW Oklahoma State Virginia Union

(Great Lakes) (Great Northwest)
Indianapolis Azusa Pacific
Lincoln (MO) Central Washington
McKendree Dixie State
Missouri S&T Humboldt State
Quincy Simon Fraser
Southwest Baptist South Dakota Mines
St. Joseph's (IN) Western Oregon
Truman State
William Jewell

Worth trying?

Relegation scratches so many itches. I love this sport's silliness, its school-to-school traditions, the 50 million approaches you can take to winning. But the salaries, obnoxious facilities, and [insert any quote from Texas athletic director Steve Patterson] have soured me. So welcome to my fantasy world.

This isn't a world without drawbacks. The thought of sending players to play for another school violates every concept of "student-athlete." Beyond that, there could be negative consequences to the game itself.

So much of what we love about college football was derived from a lack of fear when it comes to losing. Kentucky happily hired human air raid siren Hal Mumme in the 1990s, in part because the Wildcats were already finishing at or near the bottom of the SEC standings. There was no harm in trying an experimental offensive style when the downside was basically maintaining status quo. But if the Wildcats had to worry about getting dropped to the Sun Belt, they might have elected to play it safe with an endless selection of Bill Currys, hoping simply to finish eighth and stay in the SEC. [...]

"What happens is that the lower 13 then hire coaches that aren't quite as potentially good, staff that aren't quite as innovative, chairmen who are more risk-averse. And the whole thing kind of conspires to become, not an anti-'Moneyball,' but very conventional ball, [said 'The Numbers Game' co-author Chris Anderson]."

The Eastern Washingtons would still have every incentive to get funky on offense. But if the financial split between the top tier and everybody else gets too large, staying in the middle of Tier 1 becomes a bigger goal than risking to win big. You could end up with more 2014 Iowas and fewer 1997 Kentuckys.

Still, college football is too unwieldy to become homogenous. We'll still have fun.

How to convince the power schools

Knowing how long it takes to initiate change in college football, let's acknowledge that if this were to happen, it would begin somewhere around 2060. Let's also acknowledge that it isn't going to happen.

You would need to figure out things like scholarship differences in order to even make it worth voting on. You would then need power programs to vote against their short-term self-interest, which never happens in any vote on anything.

So you'd need a legitimate college commissioner. How would that person make the case to the power conferences?


Schools in the bottoms of power conferences would never agree to risk their money flow.

But you could create a less risky environment. Maybe you promise original power-conference members a minimum percentage of the big-money pot even if they fall. Even if a Purdue is languishing in Tier II or Tier III, it is still making enough money that it wouldn't have to cut other sports.

This is unfair to programs starting below the top tier, but ... well ... the current system is unfair.

One last chance

We'd agree to winner-take-all promotion matches, giving Vanderbilt one last chance to stay up by beating Georgia Southern. Put these games on the higher-tier teams' fields. Put the money from these games into the higher-tier conference's pot.

And these games would make money. If you watch April Premier League matches between the 16th-place team and the 19th-place team, you see intensity like games with title stakes.

Rivalry assurance

You would have to create flexible non-conference scheduling. If Indiana or Purdue gets sent down to the MAC, Indiana and Purdue have to keep playing. Same in the lower tiers: Lehigh and Lafayette, Montana and Montana State.

Perhaps you only schedule two non-conference games per year ahead of time, leaving one or two open slots until a scheduling frenzy in January. Maybe you mandate eight-game conference schedules for all leagues so that everybody has four slots available.

Football only ... or not!

For a school like Kansas -- a basketball powerhouse in danger of playing football games in the Southland Conference -- you assure football standing won't affect basketball standing.

You could create a separate structure for basketball, giving programs like the Jayhawks a chance to make up revenue on schools like Clemson or, this year, Missouri.

Junior teams

In some European leagues, teams have the option of using junior teams in lower leagues. VfB Stuttgart II and Mainz II play in the third level of German soccer. Bayern München II and Nürnberg II play in the fourth.

Instead of having your young hotshots on the practice squad or trying to loan them out, you get development time in your system, with coaches you employ, against teams like Memmingen and TSV Buchbach, the lower-FCS teams of the German professional system. It offers a quality opponent for Memmingen, but it also delivers a clear value for the top teams.

This could work in a couple of different ways in college football.

  • Junior varsity teams. Auburn II in the SoCon. Oklahoma II in the Southland. UConn II in the Northeast. You designate who's on your JV team (with flexibility for moving up to the senior team midseason), and they play a conference schedule. This is more sensible than "redshirt all freshmen," allowing freshmen to a) play the sport they are given scholarships to play while b) playing in a lower-pressure environment that allows them to acclimate to campus.

    If this requires a larger allotment of scholarships, that's on the table.

  • Affiliations. Georgia can send 10 players down to Valdosta State for a season. UCLA sends 10 to the University of San Diego. This creates a stumbling block with students attending universities they chose, but perhaps there is a solution, given enough time to spitball.

BTW, we've been doing this for years. Here's the 2005-2014 simulation.

Dale Zanine-USA TODAY Sports

Each year, you find more "What if college football had relegation ..." pieces on the Internet. Just remember SB Nation did it first-ish, and we definitely do it best.

We update a years-long simulation, based in part on the Sagarin ratings, which rate FBS and FCS teams together. And in what is now a 10-season simulation, we get a crystal-clear idea of how this would work.

This alignment of the tiers is different than above, and real-life conference realignment occurred in the middle of this. It's a mess. It's beautiful.

Catch up here: 20052006200720082009 |2010201120122013 and 2014

2015 ACC column

Tier 1

  • Cincinnati, Clemson, Duke, Florida State, Georgia Tech, Louisville, Miami, North Carolina, Notre Dame, Pittsburgh, UCF, Virginia, Virginia Tech

After 10 years, the ACC might have the highest floor. Either Virginia or a damn decent UCF would have gone down, and since UVA ranked higher in F/+, we'll send the Knights to the Big East. Or AAC. Whatever.

ACC Tier II: Big East/AAC

  • Boston College, Connecticut, Maine, Navy, NC State, Syracuse, Temple, USF, Wake Forest

UConn nudges Maine by five spots in the Sagarin ratings. Steve Addazio gets BC back to the top.

ACC Tier III: Colonial

  • Army, Delaware, James Madison, Lehigh, Lafayette, New Hampshire, Old Dominion, Richmond, Stony Brook, Towson, Villanova, William & Mary
  • Promoted from Patriot: Albany

2015 Big 12 column

Tier I

  • Baylor, Houston, Iowa State, Kansas State, Oklahoma, Oklahoma State, TCU, Texas, Texas Tech

That Iowa State was up and WVU was in Conference USA was a timing issue. The Cyclones were lucky ... until 2014.

Big 12 Tier II: Conference USA

  • Cal Poly, Central Arkansas, East Carolina, Kansas, Louisiana Tech, Marshall, Middle Tennessee, North Texas, Rice, SMU, Tulane, Tulsa, UAB, UTEP, West Virginia

WVU's sojourn into the bowels of Tier II coincides with the emergence of the best Marshall in a while. I guess we just delete UAB, huh? :(

Big 12 Tier III: Southland

  • Abilene Christian, Florida Atlantic, Houston Baptist, Incarnate Word, McNeese State, Memphis, New Orleans, Sam Houston State, SE Louisiana, Stephen F. Austin, Texas State, UTSA
  • Promoted from Pioneer: Florida International

2015 Big Ten column

Tier I

  • Bowling Green, Iowa, Michigan, Michigan State, Nebraska, North Dakota State, Northern Illinois, Northwestern, Ohio State, Penn State, Toledo, Wisconsin

We stuck Maryland and Rutgers in the second tier, making them earn their way into the top. They've yet to do so. But with the demotion of BGSU in favor of Minnesota, you've got nine of 12 original members back in the B1G.

Big Ten Tier II: MAC

  • Ball State, Buffalo, Central Michigan, Eastern Illinois, Illinois, Indiana, Kent State, Maryland, Minnesota, Northern Iowa, Ohio, Purdue, Rutgers, Southern Illinois

Illinois, Indiana, and Purdue have barely done anything worthy of Tier 1 in a while, and the lasting additions of NDSU, Toledo, and NIU make the Big Ten look better.

Big Ten Tier III: Missouri Valley

  • Eastern Kentucky, Illinois State, Miami (Ohio), Missouri State, South Dakota State, Tennessee State, UMass, Western Illinois, Western Michigan, Youngstown State
  • Promoted from Ohio Valley: Indiana State

2015 Pac-12 column

Tier I

  • Arizona, Arizona State, Boise State, BYU, Nevada, Oregon, Oregon State, Stanford, UCLA, USC, Utah, Washington

The Pac-12 is just vicious. Nevada and Oregon State were the weak links, and Nevada just got traded for one of the best defenses in the country, Utah State.

Pac-12 Tier II: Mountain West

  • California, Colorado, Fresno State, San Diego State, Utah State, Washington State

Because of realignment sending WAC teams in any number of directions and the Pac-10 turning into the Pac-12, the Mountain West only has six teams. At some point, there should be some sort of mass promotion from the WAC to the MWC and so on.

Pac-12 Tier III: WAC

  • Air Force, Colorado State, Eastern Washington, Hawaii, Montana, Montana State, Northern Arizona, San Jose State, UNLV, Wyoming
  • Promoted from Big Sky: Idaho State (and not Idaho, New Mexico, or New Mexico State)

2015 SEC column

Tier I

  • Alabama, Arkansas, Auburn, Florida, Georgia, LSU, Mississippi State, Missouri, Ole Miss, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas A&M, UL-Lafayette, Vanderbilt

More often than not, the Sun Belt winner goes up to Tier 1, then goes right back down. Appalachian State stayed up for a while a few years back, but it's still big that UL-Lafayette stays up for a second year, even though it's because Vandy, now on its second Sun Belt trip, fell apart.

SEC Tier II: Sun Belt

  • Membership: Arkansas State, Appalachian State, Furman, Georgia Southern, Kentucky, South Alabama, Troy, UL-Monroe

Georgia Southern, SEC team. The world is kind and just.

SEC Tier III: Southern

  • Chattanooga, Coastal Carolina, Elon, Jacksonville State, Liberty, Western Kentucky, Wofford
  • Promoted from Big South: Charleston Southern